Baby Food Recall

Everything You Need To Know About The HappyBABY Organic Food Recalls 2021-2023

Updated on 12 minute read
happy baby organic food recall



Nurture, Inc. is a food company that offers a wide range of products for your baby. But it’s among the popular baby food makers called out in recent Congressional Reports for having high toxic metal levels. (1)(2)

The company offers several product lines for baby foods: Happy Family Organics, HappyBABY, and HappyTOTS. Have any of these products been recalled due to heavy metal contamination or other health risks?

In January 2023, the FDA announced new lead limits on baby food and the plan to create a new food safety unit.

Learn more about these below.


Subcommittee Congressional Reports: Which Baby Food Brands Are Toxic?

Heavy metals like arsenic, lead, cadmium, and mercury can harm your baby’s body and brain development, even at low concentrations. (3)(4)

So, the U.S. Congress Subcommittee on Economic and Consumer Policy, headed by Chairman Raja Krishnamoorthi, asked several popular baby food manufacturers for their test results and internal policies for heavy metal testing: (1)


Only four baby food makers provided the Subcommittee with what they were asked for in the first Congressional Report: (1)

  • Gerber
  • Beech-Nut
  • Nurture
  • Hain


The second Congressional Report published Plum Organicstest results and internal policies. (2)

The Subcommittee expressed alarm over the food manufacturers’ very high internal maximum limits for heavy metals. These higher limits meant that the baby foods or ingredients passed the company standards but actually failed to meet government limits. (1)(2)

For example, these are the FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) maximum limits for bottled water in ppb (parts per billion): (5)

  • 5 ppb lead
  • 5 ppb cadmium
  • 10 ppb inorganic arsenic


Instead of complying, these baby food companies increased their internal standards to exponential levels: (1)

  • Hain (cadmium): 200 ppb
  • Hain (lead): 200 ppb
  • Beech-Nut (cadmium): 3,000 ppb
  • Beech-Nut (lead): 5,000 ppb


Also, the FDA’s maximum limit for infant rice cereal is 100 ppb inorganic arsenic. But the following companies set their internal maximum to these: (1)(5)

  • Beech-Nut (arsenic): 3,000 ppb
  • Nurture (arsenic): 115 ppb
  • Hain (arsenic): 200 ppb


The EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) maximum limit for drinking water (but can be applied to food) is 2 ppb mercury. (6)


Nurture, Inc. (HappyBABY, HappyTOTS, And Happy Family Organics)

Unlike the other baby food makers who only tested ingredients for heavy metal content, Nurture tested both raw materials and finished products. (1)

But the results showed that many of the company’s products have high levels of toxic heavy metals. (1)

Nurture told the Subcommittee that though the finished products are tested, the results aren’t the basis for product release. (1)

Heavy metal test results from Nurture, Inc.: (1)


Inorganic Arsenic:

  • Up to 100 ppb (over 25% of Nurture baby products)
  • Up to 160 ppb (version: Strawberry & Beet Puffs)
  • Up to 160 ppb (version: Banana & Pumpkin Puffs)
  • Up to 180 ppb (version: Apple & Broccoli Puffs)



  • Up to 9.8 ppb (version: Banana Sweet Potato)
  • Up to 10 ppb (version: Brown Rice Cereal Canister)



  • Up to 10 ppb (version: Nurture vegetables and rice products)
  • Up to 560 ppb (version: Multi-Grain Cereal Canister)
  • Up to 641 ppb (version: Blueberry Purple Carrot)



  • Up to 5 ppb (close to 65% of Nurture products)
  • Up to 36 ppb (version: Strawberry Raspberry)
  • Up to 49 ppb (version: Multi-Grain Cereal Canister)


Second Congressional Report

The House Subcommittee released a follow-up report in September 2021. (2)

The new report showed that the companies continue to produce baby foods with dangerously high levels of inorganic arsenic and other heavy metals, based on independent tests by the state of Alaska. (1)(2)

The Subcommittee also called out these baby food companies for failure to notify the public of their heavy metal content or recall any of their tainted products. (2)


Other Companies In The Congressional Report On Toxic Baby Foods

Aside from Nurture, Inc., these baby food makers were also listed on the Congressional reports: (1)(2)


Campbell Soup Company (Plum Organics) Results

These test results for Plum Organics Organic Baby Food (flavor: Just Sweet Potato) are from an HBBF (Healthy Babies Bright Futures) report: (7)



  • Less than 0.142 ppb


Inorganic Arsenic:

  • Up to 3.1 ppb



  • Up to 5.6 ppb (exceeds the 5-ppb limit)



  • Up to 2.3 ppb


In the second Congressional Report, Plum Organicstest results were finally included. But these showed much higher levels of arsenic and other toxic metals than the HBBF data: (2)

  • Arsenic: Over 200 ppb arsenic (in 100% of Plum’s Super Puff rice-based products)
  • Lead: Over 5 ppb lead (in 54.5% of Plum Organics products)
  • Cadmium: Over 5 ppb cadmium (in 38.3% of Plum Organics products)


Gerber Products Company

Gerber only conducts heavy metal tests in raw materials, not finished products. (1)



  • No test for mercury.


Inorganic Arsenic:

  • Up to 90 ppb (ingredient: rice flour)



  • Up to 48 ppb (ingredient: sweet potatoes)



  • Over 5 ppb in carrots (in 75% of raw ingredients)
  • Up to 87 ppb (ingredient: carrot batches)
  • No test for cadmium (other raw materials)


Hain Celestial Group, Inc. (Earth’s Best Organic)

Hain told the Subcommittee Report that it doesn’t test for heavy metals in finished products. Instead, “theoretical calculations” are based on the ingredients’ results. (1)


Inorganic Arsenic:

  • Up to 309 ppb (for ingredients)
  • Up to 129 ppb (for finished products)



  • No test for mercury.



  • Up to 352 ppb (for raw materials)



  • Up to 260 ppb (for ingredients)


Walmart Inc. (Parent’s Choice)

Walmart reportedly refused to provide the Subcommittee with results or internal standards. The following results are from HBBF: (1)(7)


Inorganic Arsenic:

  • Up to 108 ppb (version: Organic Strawberry Rice Rusks)
  • Up to 56.1 ppb (version: Little Hearts Strawberry Yogurt Cereal Snack)



  • Up to 2.05 ppb (version: Organic Strawberry Rice Rusks)
  • Up to 0.941 ppb (version: Little Hearts Strawberry Yogurt Cereal Snack)



  • Up to 26.9 ppb (version: Organic Strawberry Rice Rusks)
  • Up to 5.2 ppb (version: Little Hearts Strawberry Yogurt Cereal Snack)



  • Up to 26.1 ppb (version: Little Hearts Strawberry Yogurt Cereal Snack)
  • Up to 2.4 ppb (version: Organic Strawberry Rice Rusks)


Sprout Foods, Inc. (Sprout Organic Foods)

According to the Subcommittee, the company never responded. These test results for Organic Quinoa Puffs Baby Cereal Snack (Apple Kale) are from the HBBF report: (1)(7)


Inorganic Arsenic:

  • Up to 107 ppb



  • Up to 1.31 ppb



  • Up to 39.3 ppb



  • Up to 41.5 ppb


Beech-Nut Nutrition Company (Beech-Nut)


  • No test for mercury.


Inorganic Arsenic:

  • More than 300 ppb (in ingredients or additives used in various products)
  • Up to 913.4 ppb (in raw materials)



  • Up to 886.9 ppb (in raw materials)



  • Up to 344.55 ppb (in raw materials)


Lawsuit Against HappyTOT For Heavy Metal Content

The Ecological Alliance LLC in Los Angeles filed a class suit against Nurture Inc., the parent company of Happy Family Organics, for making products allegedly having dangerous levels of lead in June 2021: (8)

  • HappyTOT apple and spinach fruit snack bar 
  • HappyTOT cheese and spinach ravioli product 


The lawsuit alleges that the apple and spinach fruit snack bar has “higher-than-acceptable” lead content, while the cheese and spinach ravioli contains over 12 times the daily limit of lead exposure for a child. (8)

As the basis for the allegations on the excessive lead levels, the lawsuit cites “independent laboratory tests conducted recently on an array of food products.” (8)

The lawsuit also includes Target and Whole Foods. (8)

Whole Foods wouldn’t sell an apple grown with pesticides, yet they keep selling baby food containing appalling amounts of lead to unsuspecting parents,” Attorney Vineet Dubey declared in a statement. (8)


HBBF Comprehensive Food Safety Test

The two Congressional reports weren’t the only ones that called popular baby food manufacturers for producing products with questionable content.

The HBBF commissioned independent tests of 168 baby foods from 61 different brands in 2019. (7)

The results showed that as much as 95% may have high levels of toxic heavy metals: (7)

  • Arsenic: 73% of the baby foods
  • Lead: 94% of the baby foods
  • Mercury: 32% of the baby foods
  • Cadmium: 75% of the baby foods


What’s alarming is that 26% of the baby foods HBBF tested contain all four toxic chemicals in one container. (7)

HBBF expressed alarm over these findings, explaining that exposure to heavy metals can harm your child’s body and brain development. (7)

Pointing out the lack of known safe levels for heavy metal exposure, HBBF urges baby food makers to establish a goal of no measurable amounts of heavy metals for any baby and young children’s food. (7)


Is Happy BABY Organic Baby Food Safe?

These HappyBABY Organic products have alarmingly high toxic metal content based on the HBBF study: (7)


Organic Rice Cakes Puffed Rice Snack (Apple)

  • Total arsenic: 455 ppb
  • Inorganic arsenic: 47 ppb
  • Lead: 1.7 ppb
  • Cadmium: 5.4 ppb
  • Mercury: 3.18 ppb


Superfood Puffs Organic Grain Snack (Sweet Potato & Carrot)

  • Total arsenic: 295 ppb
  • Inorganic arsenic: 91 ppb
  • Lead: 3.7 ppb
  • Cadmium: 12.2 ppb
  • Mercury: 1.94 ppb


Superfood Puffs – Apple & Broccoli Organic Grain Snack (Crawling Baby)

  • Total arsenic: 266 ppb
  • Inorganic arsenic: 83 ppb
  • Lead: 8.2 ppb
  • Cadmium: 11 ppb
  • Mercury: 2.16 ppb


Organic Teethers Blueberry & Purple Carrot (Sitting Baby)

  • Total arsenic: 67 ppb
  • Inorganic arsenic: (not measurable)
  • Lead: 6 ppb
  • Cadmium: 8.2 ppb
  • Mercury: 2.26 ppb


Oats & Quinoa Baby Cereal Organic Whole Grains with Iron (Sitting Baby)

  • Total arsenic: 10.2 ppb
  • Inorganic arsenic: (not measurable)
  • Lead: 0.9 ppb
  • Cadmium: 12.4 ppb
  • Mercury: 0.14 ppb


Oatmeal Baby Cereal, Clearly Crafted – Organic Whole Grains (Sitting Baby)

  • Total arsenic: 6.3 ppb
  • Inorganic arsenic: (not measurable)
  • Lead: <0.5 ppb
  • Cadmium: 10 ppb
  • Mercury: 0.14 ppb


Sweet Potatoes (Stage 1)

  • Total arsenic: 27.5 ppb
  • Inorganic arsenic: 29 ppb
  • Lead: 2 ppb
  • Cadmium: 1.6 ppb
  • Mercury: <0.141 ppb


Apples, Sweet Potatoes & Granola Clearly Crafted Organic Baby Food (Stage 2)

  • Total arsenic: 3.6 ppb
  • Inorganic arsenic: (not measurable)
  • Lead: 5.2 ppb
  • Cadmium: 1.5 ppb
  • Mercury: <0.142 ppb


Does Happy Baby Organic Formula Have Heavy Metals?

The following HappyBABY Organic Food products also have measurable toxic heavy metal content but are within government regulations: (7)

  • Organic Infant Formula with Iron (0-12 months)
  • Organics Sweet Potatoes (Stage 1)
  • Organic Pears (Stage 1)
  • Clearly Crafted Prunes Organic Baby Food (Stage 1)
  • Simple Combos Apples, Spinach & Kale (Stage 2)


Consumer Reports Food Safety Test

Consumer Reports tested 50 baby foods for heavy metals in 2018: (9)

  • Nearly 68% of baby foods may have high levels of at least one toxic metal.
  • At least 15 baby foods can have potential health risks if eaten daily
  • Products with sweet potatoes or rice may contain higher toxic metal levels
  • Organic foods may have the same amount of heavy metals as conventional baby foods


Baby Foods With Limited Daily Intake

Based on their tests, these products are categorized as “more concern.” Parents are advised to follow these daily serving limits: (9)


Happy Baby Organics 

  • Organic Probiotic Baby Cereal (<3 servings)
  • Organics Superfood Puffs, Apple & Broccoli (<1 serving)
  • Organics Superfood Puffs, Purple Carrot & Blueberry (<1 serving)


Earth’s Best Organic

  • Chicken & Brown Rice (<1 serving)
  • Sunny Days Snack Bars, Strawberry (<1 serving)
  • Whole Grain Oatmeal Cereal (<2.5 servings)
  • Sweet Potatoes, 1st Stage (<0.5 serving)
  • Whole Grain Rice Cereal (<1 serving)


Baby Mum-Mum 

  • Banana Rice Rusks (<3 servings)
  • Vegetable Rice Rusks (3 servings)



  • Classics Sweet Potatoes (<0.5 serving)
  • Complete Rice Single Grain Baby Cereal (<3 servings)
  • Complete Oatmeal Whole Grain Baby Cereal (<2.5 servings)
  • Organic Oatmeal Whole Grain Baby Cereal (<2.5 servings)


Plum Organics 

  • Little Yums Organic Teething Wafers, Pumpkin & Banana (<5.5 servings)
  • Just Sweet Potato Organic Baby Food (<1 serving)
  • Mighty Sticks Whole Grain Snacks, Berry Beet (<1.5 servings)



  • Turkey & Rice (<1 serving)
  • Lil’ Meals flavor White Turkey Stew With Rice and Vegetables (<0.5 serving)
  • Carrot, Pear & Blackberry (<1 serving)
  • Carrots Peas & Corn With Lil’ Bits (<1 serving)
  • Oatmeal Single Grain Cereal (<2.5 servings)
  • Organic Oatmeal Cereal (<2.5 servings)
  • Graduates Arrowroot Cookies (<6 servings)
  • Graduates Cinnamon Graham Animal Crackers (<4.5 servings)
  • Graduates Banana Cookies (<4 servings)
  • Graduates Waffle Wheels Puffed Grain Snack, Banana Cream (<3 servings)
  • Graduates Lil’ Biscuits Vanilla Wheat (<2.5 servings)
  • Graduates Cereal Bars, Strawberry Banana (<1.5 servings)


Parent’s Choice (Walmart)

  • Little Puffs Cereal Snack, Strawberry Apple (<1.5 servings)


Sprout Organic 

  • Quinoa Puffs Baby Cereal Snack, Apple Kale (<1.5 servings)
  • Garden Vegetables Brown Rice With Turkey (<1 serving)


Baby Foods With No Daily Limits

Because they have low levels of heavy metals, based on the same report, these products are categorized as “less concern” (no daily limits): (2)(9)


Happy Baby Organics 

  • Purple Carrots, Bananas, Avocados & Quinoa


Ella’s Kitchen 

  • Apples + Strawberries Nibbly Fingers



  • Graduates Puffs Cereal Snack, Strawberry Apple
  • Lil’ Beanies Baked Snack Made With Beans, White Cheddar & Broccoli
  • Lil’ Crunchies Baked Corn Snack Mild Cheddar
  • Lil’ Crunchies Baked Corn Snack Vanilla Maple
  • Organic Puffs, Puffed Grain Snack, Apple
  • Lil’ Entrées Chicken & Brown Rice With Peas & Corn
  • Grabbers Strong Veggies, Broccoli, Carrot, Banana, Pineapple
  • Organic Peas, Carrots & Beets
  • Breakfast Buddies Hot Cereal With Real Fruit, Apple Cinnamon



  • Classics Apple, Pear & Banana
  • Naturals Carrot, Broccoli, Apple & Strawberry
  • Organic Just Apple & Green Beans
  • Organic Peas, Green Beans, and Avocado
  • Quinoa Crispies, Vanilla


Which Baby Foods Are The Safest?

These may be some of the best organic baby foods that may be a healthier alternative to these commercial products:


Preparing Healthier Alternatives At Home

Considering that many baby foods readily available on supermarket shelves may have high levels of toxic metal content, some parents opt to make their children’s food at home.

If you plan on making your baby’s food at home, you may try the following ingredients: (2) 


Was Happy BABY Recalled?

Nurture Inc. and the rest of the brands in the Congressional Report reportedly have many products tainted with heavy metals. But not one issued a relevant recall or baby food safety warning. (1)(2)

These are the only baby food product recalls that Nurture Inc. has issued:


HappyBABY & HappyTOT Baby Food Pouch Recall (2010)

In 2010, Nurture Inc. voluntarily recalled several HappyBABY products over possible bacterial contamination. Eating any of the contaminated products may cause serious health issues, including severe vomiting and nausea. (10)

The recall was done in response to the FDA’s public warning to the company over numerous consumer reports that the baby food pouches were swollen or leaking. (10)

Nurture Inc. warned the public against consuming these possibly contaminated products. According to the recall advisory, the compromised packaging may cause serious illness to little ones who ingested the content. (10)

These HappyBABY Stages 1 and 2 food pouches with expiration dates from November 2010 to January 2011 were recalled: (10)

  • Mango (net wt. 3.5 oz.) – UPC 8 52697 00134 7
  • Spinach Mango Pear (net wt. 3.5 oz.) – UPC 8 52697 00139 2
  • Apricot Sweet Potato (net wt. 3.5 oz.) – UPC 8 52697


The following HappyTOTStage 4 baby food pouches, with expiration dates from November 2010 to January 2011, were also included in the recall: (10)

  • Green bean, pear & peas (net wt. 4.22 oz.) – UPC 8 52697 00127 9
  • Sweet potato, carrot, apple & cinnamon (net wt. 4.22 oz.) – UPC 8 52697 00128 6
  • Spinach, mango & pear (net wt. 4.22 oz.) – UPC 8 52697 00129 3
  • Butternut squash & apple (net wt. 4.22 oz.) – UPC 8 52697 00130 9
  • Banana, peach, coconut & prunes (net wt. 4.22 oz.) – UPC 8 52697 00131 6
  • Banana, peach & mango (net wt. 4.22 oz.) – UPC 8 52697 00132 3


No other HappyTOT and HappyBABY food products were affected by this recall. (10)

The company recommends that you immediately consult your child’s pediatrician or seek medical attention if your child has eaten any contaminated food and fallen ill. (10)

To avoid spreading the contamination, Nurture Inc. also advises affected customers to discard the products in a way that will keep anyone, people or animals, from retrieving them. (10)

Everyone who has touched the possibly contaminated baby food pouches should wash their hands thoroughly. Store personnel were also reminded to exercise caution in handling the recalled items and cleaning the affected areas in their shop. (10)


HappyTOT Super Foods Oat Bars Recall (2020)

Nurture Inc. issued a voluntary recall on November 3, 2020, on several products, following consumer complaints of some oat bars containing mold. (11)

According to the recall advisory, these bars have a higher water content, making them more susceptible to mold growth. (11)

HappyTOT Super Foods Gluten-Free Oat Bars (flavor: Organic Blueberries and Oatmeal; with UPC 8 19573 01507 2) in the recall: (11)

  • BB 07 APR 2021 20098
  • BB 08 APR 2021 20099
  • BB 09 APR 2021 20100
  • BB 18 MAY 2021 20139
  • BB 19 MAY 2021 20140
  • BB 16 JUN 2021 20168
  • BB 28 AUG 2021 20241


HappyTOT Super Foods Gluten-Free Oat Bars (flavor: Organic Bananas, Strawberries, and Sunflower Butter; UPC 8 19573 01508 9) included in the recall: (11)

  • BB 13 APR 2021 20104
  • BB 08 MAY 2021 20129
  • BB 20 MAY 2021 20141
  • BB 21 MAY 2021 20142
  • BB 08 JUN 2021 20160
  • BB 09 JUN 2021 20161
  • BB 15 JUN 2021 20167


The recall also included HappyKID Fruit & Oat Bar (flavor: Blueberry + Raspberry) with these product codes: (11)

  • BB 14 APR 2021 20105
  • BB 05 MAY 2021 20126
  • BB 11 MAY 2021 20132
  • BB 01 JUN 2021 20153
  • BB 08 JUN 2021 20190
  • BB 13 JUL 2021 20195
  • BB 04 AUG 2021 20217


The company has assured affected customers that the products don’t have a high risk of causing illness but recalled the items to prevent untoward incidents. (11)

This official statement was posted on the company’s website: (12)

We decided to voluntarily recall these products due to the remote possibility that consumption could cause adverse health consequences. 

We want to assure families, first and foremost, that according to our internal food safety investigation and FDA’s review, there is a low risk of any health-related concerns following consumption. 

Nevertheless, it does not reflect the high standards we hold for our products and is not an experience we want our families to have.

The company has also assured parents that they have implemented tighter controls on monitoring the water activity of every batch of bars they bake so this may not happen again. (12)

On its website, the company claimed that it had commissioned third-party tests for all future bar productions. (12)


Baby Food Recall (News & Updates)

Lawsuit Filed Against Baby Food Companies

Update: March 10, 2023


A lawsuit handled by Attorney Pedram Esfandiary’s group in Southern California alleges that tainted baby foods made by these companies can cause autism and ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder). (13)

A judge greenlighted the case after Esfandiary’s team invited researchers to explain how heavy metals interact with the brain. (13)


FDA Plans To Create New Food Safety Unit

Update: February 3, 2023


The new Human Foods Program planned by the FDA will be tasked to focus on the importance of nutrition and the US food supply’s safety. FDA Commissioner Dr. Robert Califf explains that the new deputy commissioner for human foods will have clear decision-making authority. (14)

The new unit will also be in charge of improving nutrition to address chronic diseases linked with poor nutrition believed to be causing the declining life expectancy in the US. (14)


FDA Announces New Lead Limits For Baby Foods

The federal agency also proposes these lead level limits for baby food (made for children under two years old): (15)(16)

  • Lower than 10 ppb (parts per billion) for yogurts, meat, custards and puddings, fruits, most vegetables, and mixed meals (e.g., grain and meat-based mixtures)
  • Maximum of 20 ppb for dry infant cereals and root vegetables (such as carrots, sweet potatoes, and beets) 


The FDA estimates that these new limits can reduce young children’s dietary exposure to lead by around 24-27%. (15)(16)

Still, Consumer Reports and Healthy Babies Bright Futures are pushing for the FDA to lower these limits further because of lead’s serious impact on children’s health (e.g., neurological and developmental impairment). (15)(16)

These baby food safety advocates also urge the FDA to include the other heavy metals detected in previous baby food reports, including mercury and cadmium. (15)(16)






















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